Plato believed that democracy is very bad, ranking democracy at a 4th place out of five contending government forms he thought that democracy is worse than oligarchy (gov by wealth) and only slightly better than tyranny (gov by force), which is the worst. Plato lived from roughly 426 to 347 bc he came from a wealthy, aristocratic family that allowed him the luxury of study his background likely contributed to his somewhat negative appraisal of democracy. Plato and aristotle in dealing with plato and aristotle on the relation of the individual to society, we will concentrate, in particular, on three issues―namely, justice, types of government, and causes of social breakdown. Plato and aristotle were both philosophers from greece who criticized democracy as a poor form of government plato's thoughts on democracy were that it causes the corruption of people through public opinion and creates rulers who do not actually know how to rule but only know how to influence the beast which is the demos, the public. Visions of society aristotle's philosophy of equality, peace, & democracy matt qvortrup argues that aristotle's political philosophy is surprisingly modern the son of a doctor, aristotle was born in the city of stagira in macedonia in the year 384 bc, and was educated at plato's academy.
The first, rather obvious, strike against athenian democracy is that there was a tendency for people to be casually executed it is understandable why plato would despise democracy, considering that his friend and mentor, socrates, was condemned to death by the policy makers of athens in 399 bce. Distilled, aristotle thought rhetoric good for democracy, though his definition of by the people was closer to our founding fathers' intent of only certain people than to today's more-the-merrier model. Aristotle (384-322 bce) was born nearly a generation after the peloponnesian wars during the period when greece was divided between democrats and oligarchs aristotle returned to athens after 334 bce and founded a school, the lyceum, to compete with plato's academy he died just as alexander of. For aristotle, the polity, the ideal democracy, met this criteria — it allowed for the development of virtues that support the common interest, and limited the emphasis on wealth, allowing for the development of a desirable middle class.
We're used to thinking hugely well of democracy but interestingly, one of the wisest people who ever lived, socrates, had deep suspicions of it for gifts and more from the school of life. Aristotle (b 384 - d 322 bce), was a greek philosopher, logician, and scientist along with his teacher plato, aristotle is generally regarded as one of the most influential ancient thinkers in a number of philosophical fields, including political theory. Hence, where plato sees democracy and the other forms of government as having a fairly determinate essence or set of defining characteristics, aristotle is adamant that there are different types of democracy, oligarchy and aristocracy. Socrates was plato's teacher, plato aristotle's, aristotle alexander the great's tip : plato insinuates that things seek balance therefore, extreme equality leads to extreme inequality, extreme liberty, that leads to extreme tyranny and despotism.
The concepts of democracy and governance july 2002 - 175 presuppose equality of all individuals in it, existed the prevalence of slavery and, a minority of the. For both plato and aristotle, as for most ancient ethicists, the central problem of ethics was the achievement of happiness by happiness (the usual english translation of the greek term eudaimonia ), they did not mean a pleasant state of mind but rather a good human life, or a life of human flourishing. Aristotle and plato were philosophers in ancient greece who critically studied matters of ethics, science, politics, and more though many more of plato's works survived the centuries, aristotle's contributions have arguably been more influential, particularly when it comes to science and logical reasoning.
Plato (c428 - 347 bc) and aristotle (384 - 322 bc) are two of the most influential philosophers in history socrates was also seen as a great philosopher and, as his pupil, plato was greatly influenced by his teachings. The sophists taught practical knowledge which ran counterpart to plato who believed rhetoric should be used to seek out higher abstract truths they also charged money for their services allowing education to the masses not just those with birthright--plato was a aristocrat. Plato / aristotle: the debate of the ancients (aristocracy vs democracy) the question of the best government is at the heart of the political thinking of the two philosophers several dialogues of plato ( the republic or the statesman ) and aristotle ( politics ) address the issue in depth.
Appraisal for democracy by plato, aristotle and thucydides plato is one dominant figure in the history of democracy it is important to note, however, that he is in fact pivotal for the crucial questions he asked about democracy. Aristotle, plato, and socrates: ancient greek perspectives on experiential learning paul stonehouse, pete allison, and david carr the intention of this paper is to briefly sketch several of. The intention of this paper is to briefly sketch several of socrates and plato's contributions to experiential education, and then, in more detail, examine aristotle as a progenitor of the.
Charlottesville, va - when it comes to rhetoric, plato was right and aristotle - not so much distilled, aristotle thought rhetoric good for democracy, though his definition of by the. When it comes to rhetoric, plato was right and aristotle — not so much distilled, aristotle thought rhetoric good for democracy, though his definition of by the people was closer to our. Plato (/ ˈ p l eɪ t oʊ / greek: πλάτων plátōn, pronounced [plátɔːn] in classical attic 428/427 or 424/423 - 348/347 bc) was a philosopher in classical greece and the founder of the academy in athens, the first institution of higher learning in the western world.
Aristotle held views similar to plato's about the dangers of democracy and oligarchy he feared that both pitted the rich against the poor but he recognized that these types of governments took many forms. For aristotle, democracy is not the best form of government as is also true of oligarchy and monarchy, rule in a democracy is for and by the people named in the government type in a democracy, rule is by and for the needy. For the major point of plato's discussion of knowledge, education, and democracy is the contention that democracy will not work--will not be a true democracy--unless its citizens are sufficiently prepared for it this is a point that many modern democrats share.