Chapter 4 galileo and newton 41 introduction the discoveries of kepler, and the paradigm of the solar system of coper-nicus provided a very solid framework for the works of newton and galileo. Galileo galilei was an italian physicist and astronomer whose most famous discovery was that the earth revolves around the sun but galileo was also responsible for several other major discoveries in the field of physics and motion. Galileo could argue that the positions of the heavens change, as evidenced by the 4 stars of jupiter, or the phases of venus galileo could make note of the changes even in the number of stars, what was to be done about falling stars, he could argue.
Life and work of galileo galileo galilei is considered to be one of the greatest mathematicians of all time he made life changing discoveries and mystified many with his knowledge. Yet galileo's discoveries played a part in its successful measurement, for this was eventually accomplished by means of observations of eclipses of the satellites of jupiter. Galileo galilei (1564-1642) was a tuscan (italian) astronomer, physicist, mathematician, inventor, and philosopher he was born in pisa, and was the oldest of six children in his family when he was a young man, his father sent him to study medicine at the university of pisa, but galileo studied mathematics instead. Galileo went on to make many telescopes and to make many other important observations in both the night and day sky including the discovery of spots on the sun and the discovery of the rings of saturn.
Galileo made a number of other important scientific discoveries he discovered that the rate at which a pendulum swings depends on its length rather than the distance through which it swings this led to the development of pendulum clocks. During galileo's time the main way in which science was practiced still leaned heavily on authority, meaning that whoever was the leading authority of that region provided the answers, and the public at large were expected to agree based mainly on faith. Probably the most significent contribution that galileo galilei made to science was the discovery of the four satellites around jupiter that are now named in his honor galileo first observed the moons of jupiter on january 7, 1610 through a homemade telescope. It is commonly believed that the catholic church persecuted galileo for abandoning the geocentric (earth-at-the-center) view of the solar system for the heliocentric (sun-at-the-center) view. Galileo galilei was born in pisa, italy, on the 15th of february 1564, he died on the 8th of january 1642 galileo was a ground breaking astronomer, physicist, mathematician, philosopher and inventor.
Terrestrial gravity: galileo analyzes a cannonball trajectory from the earliest times, gravity meant the tendency of most bodies to fall to earth in contrast, things that leaped upwards, like flames of fire, were said to have levity. Introduction galileo orbited jupiter for almost eight years, and made close passes by all its major moons its camera and nine other instruments sent back reports that allowed scientists to determine, among other things, that jupiter's icy moon europa probably has a subsurface ocean with more water than the total amount found on earth. Galileo's discoveries about the moon, jupiter's moons, venus, and sunspots supported the idea that the sun - not the earth - was the center of the universe, as was commonly believed at the time galileo's work laid the foundation for today's modern space probes and telescopes.
Galileo galilei did not invent the telescope but was the first to use it systematically to observe celestial objects and record his discoveries his book, sidereus nuncius or the starry messenger was first published in 1610 and made him famous. Galileo's father, vincenzo galilei, was a lute player and music theorist galileo's mother, giulia ammannati, was the daughter of lumber merchant cosimo ammannati she had no occupation so she. Galileo galilei for, and proved copernicus' theory he proved the theory by stating that he saw four moons orbiting jupiter, which proves that the not everything is orbiting around the earth, which was the first proof. Galileo facts for kids so who was this man called galileo and what did he do read on to find out more about this amazing man his full name was galileo galilei and he was an italian scientist who opened the eyes of the world to a new way of thinking about how our solar system works and astronomy in general. One of the first mentions of astronomy by galileo was in 1590 when he conveyed his belief in copernicus' work on heliocentrism galileo also references kepler's works as well.
Galileo's battle for the heavens witness galileo's famous struggle to persuade church authorities of the truth behind his discoveries about the cosmos. Galileo galilei (italian: [ɡaliˈlɛːo ɡaliˈlɛi] 15 february 1564 - 8 january 1642) was an italian polymath known for his work as astronomer , physicist , engineer , philosopher , and mathematician , galileo has been called the father of observational astronomy ,  the father of modern physics,   the father of the. Galileo galilei (1564-1642) has always played a key role in any history of science and, in many histories of philosophy, he is a, if not the, central figure of the scientific revolution of the 17 th century his work in physics or natural philosophy, astronomy, and the methodology of science still evoke debate after over 400 years.
(galileo galilei) găl˝ĭlē´ō gälēlĕ´ō gälēlĕ´ē [key], 1564-1642, great italian astronomer, mathematician, and physicist by his persistent investigation of natural laws he laid foundations for modern experimental science, and by the. With many obstacles put in his way italian philosopher galileo gallilei, still managed to work out a great amount of laws that defined and explained how things work. The author spends time telling readers how important galileo is to the world of science, yet glosses over his accomplishments with quick, one-sentence explanations that fail to educate exactly why galileo's discoveries were important.